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뇌과학이미징연구단
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Impact of slow blood filling via collaterals on infarct growth: Comparison of mismatch and collateral status

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Title
Impact of slow blood filling via collaterals on infarct growth: Comparison of mismatch and collateral status
Author(s)
Jeong Pyo Son; Mi Ji Lee; Suk Jae Kim; Jong-Won Chung; Jihoon Cha; Gyeong-Moon Kim; Chin-Sang Chung; Kwang Ho Lee; Oh Young Bang
Subject
Collateral circulation, ; Magnetic resonance imaging, ; Stroke
Publication Date
2017-01
Journal
JOURNAL OF STROKE, v.19, no.1, pp.88 - 96
Publisher
KOREAN STROKE SOC
Abstract
Background and Purpose Perfusion-diffusion mismatch has been evaluated to determine whether the presence of a target mismatch helps to identify patients who respond favorably to recanalization therapies. We compared the impact on infarct growth of collateral status and the presence of a penumbra, using magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) techniques. Methods Consecutive patients who were candidates for recanalization therapy and underwent serial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and MRP were enrolled. A collateral flow map derived from MRP source data was generated by automatic post-processing. The impact of a target mismatch (Tmax > 6 s/apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) volume ≥ 1.8, ADC volume < 70 mL; and Tmax > 10 s for ADC volume < 100 mL) on infarct growth was compared with MR-based collateral grading on day 7 DWI, using multivariate linear regression analysis. Results Among 73 patients, 55 (75%) showed a target mismatch, whereas collaterals were poor in 14 (19.2%), intermediate in 36 (49.3%), and good in 23 (31.5%) patients. After adjusting for initial severity of stroke, early recanalization (P < 0.001) and the MR-based collateral grading (P = 0.001), but not the presence of a target mismatch, were independently associated with infarct growth. Even in patients with a target mismatch and successful recanalization, the degree of infarct growth depended on the collateral status. Perfusion status at later Tmax time points (beyond the arterial phase) was more closely correlated with collateral status. Conclusions Patients with good collaterals show a favorable outcome in terms of infarct growth, regardless of the presence of a target mismatch pattern. The presence of slow blood filling predicts collateral status and infarct growth. © 2017 Korean Stroke Society
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/3776
DOI
10.5853/jos.2016.00955
ISSN
2287-6391
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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