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Microdroplet fusion mass spectrometry: accelerated kinetics of acid-induced chlorophyll demetallation

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Title
Microdroplet fusion mass spectrometry: accelerated kinetics of acid-induced chlorophyll demetallation
Author(s)
Lee, JK; Hong Gil Nam; Zare, RN
Publication Date
2017-02
Journal
QUARTERLY REVIEWS OF BIOPHYSICS, v.50, no., pp.1 - 7
Publisher
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Abstract
Kinetics of acid-induced chlorophyll demetallation was recorded in microdroplets by fusing a stream of microdroplets containing 40 mu M chlorophyll a or b dissolved in methanol with a stream of aqueous microdroplets containing 35 mM hydrochloric acid (pH = 1.46). The kinetics of the demetallation of chlorophyll in the fused microdroplets (14 +/- 6 mu m diameter; 84 +/- 18 m s(-1) velocity) was recorded by controlling the traveling distance of the fused microdroplets between the fusion region and the inlet of a mass spectrometer. The rate of acid-induced chlorophyll demetallation was about 960 +/- 120 times faster in the charged microdroplets compared with that reported in bulk solution. If no voltage was applied to the sprayed microdroplets, then the acceleration factor was about 580 +/- 90, suggesting that the applied voltage is not a major factor determining the acceleration. Chlorophyll a was more rapidly demetallated than chlorophyll b by a factor of similar to 26 in bulk solution and similar to 5 in charged microdroplets. The demetallation kinetics was second order in the H+ concentration, but the acceleration factor of microdroplets compared with bulk solution appeared to be unchanged in going from pH = 1.3 to 7.0. The water: methanol ratio of the fused microdroplets was varied from 7: 3 to 3: 7 causing an increase in the reaction rate of chlorophyll a demetallation by 20%. This observation demonstrates that the solvent composition, which has different evaporation rates, does not significantly affect the acceleration. We believe that a major portion of the acceleration can be attributed to confinement effects involving surface reactions rather than either to evaporation of solvents or to the introduction of charges to the microdroplets. © Cambridge University Press 2017.
URI
http://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/3630
DOI
10.1017/S0033583517000014
ISSN
0033-5835
Appears in Collections:
Center for Plant Aging Research (식물 노화·수명 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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