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Gender-specific differences in PPAR gamma regulation of follicular helper T cell responses with estrogen

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Title
Gender-specific differences in PPAR gamma regulation of follicular helper T cell responses with estrogen
Author(s)
Hong-Jai Park; Hyeon-Soo Park; Jae-Ung Lee; Alfred L. M. Bothwell; Je-Min Choi
Publication Date
2016-06
Journal
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.6, no., pp.28495 -
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Abstract
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma), a master regulator of adipocyte differentiation, has recently been connected with effector T cells, though its role is still not clear. Here, we investigated the roles of PPAR gamma in follicular helper T (T-FH) cell responses regarding gender specificity. NP-OVA immunization in female but not male CD4-PPAR gamma KO mice induced higher proportions of T-FH cells and germinal center (GC) B cells following immunization than were seen in wild type mice. Treatment with the PPAR. agonist pioglitazone significantly reduced T-FH cell responses in female mice while pioglitazone and estradiol (E2) co-treatment ameliorated T-FH cells and GC responses in male mice. E2 treatment significantly enhanced PPAR. expression in male T cells, while T cell activation in the estrus but not in the diestrus stage of the menstrual cycle of females was inhibited by pioglitazone, suggesting that an estrogen-sufficient environment is important for PPAR gamma-mediated T cell regulation. These results demonstrate gender-based differences in sensitivities of PPAR gamma in T-FH responses. These findings suggest that appropriate function of PPAR gamma is required in the regulation of female GC responses and that therapeutic strategies for autoimmune diseases using PPAR gamma agonists need to be tailored accordingly.
URI
http://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/3150
DOI
10.1038/srep28495
ISSN
2045-2322
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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