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Effect of bexarotene on differentiation of glioblastoma multiforme compared with ATRA

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Title
Effect of bexarotene on differentiation of glioblastoma multiforme compared with ATRA
Author(s)
Heo, JC; Jung, TH; Lee, S; Kim, HY; Choi, G; Jung, M; Jung, D; Lee, HK; Lee, JO; Park, JH; Daehee Hwang; Seol, HJ; Cho, H
Publication Date
2016-06
Journal
CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL METASTASIS, v.33, no.5, pp.417 - 429
Publisher
SPRINGER
Abstract
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive malignant brain tumor. Since differentiation can attenuate or halt the growth of tumor cells, an image-based phenotypic screening was performed to find out drugs inducing morphological differentiation of GBMs. Bexarotene, a selective retinoid X receptor agonist, showed strong inhibition of neurospheroidal colony formation and migration of cultured primary GBM cells. Bexarotene treatment reduced nestin expression, while significantly increasing glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression. The effect of bexarotene on gene expression profile was compared with the activity of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), a well-known differentiation inducer. Both drugs largely altered the gene expression pattern into a tumor-ameliorating direction. These drugs increased the gene expression levels of Kruppel-like factor 9 (KLF9), regulator of G-protein signaling 4 (RGS4), growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15), angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4), and lowered the level of chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4). However, transglutaminase 2 (TG2) induction, an adverse effect of ATRA, was much weaker in bexarotene treated primary GBM cells. Consistently, the TG2 enzymatic activity was negligibly affected by bexarotene treatment. It is important to control TG2 overexpression since its upregulation is correlated with tumor transformation and drug resistance. Bexarotene also showed in vivo tumoricidal effects in a GBM xenograft mouse model. Therefore, we suggest bexarotene as a more beneficial differentiation agent than ATRA for GBM. (c) Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/2666
ISSN
0262-0898
Appears in Collections:
Center for Plant Aging Research (식물 노화·수명 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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