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Grouping influences output interference in short-term memory: a mixture modeling study

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Title
Grouping influences output interference in short-term memory: a mixture modeling study
Author(s)
Min-Suk Kang; Byung-Il Oh
Publication Date
2016-05
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology, v.7, no., pp.585 -
Abstract
Output interference is a source of forgetting induced by recalling. We investigated how grouping influences output interference in short-term memory. In Experiment 1, the participants were asked to remember four colored items. Those items were grouped by temporal coincidence as well as spatial alignment: two items were presented in the first memory array and two were presented in the second, and the items in both arrays were either vertically or horizontally aligned as well. The participants then performed two recall tasks in sequence by selecting a color presented at a cued location from a color wheel. In the same-group condition, the participants reported both items from the same memory array; however, in the different-group condition, the participants reported one item from each memory array. We analyzed participant responses with a mixture model, which yielded two measures: guess rate and precision of recalled memories. The guess rate in the second recall was higher for the different-group condition than for the same-group condition; however, the memory precisions obtained for both conditions were similarly degraded in the second recall. In Experiment 2, we varied the probability of the same- and different-group conditions with a ratio of 3 to 7. We expected output interference to be higher in the same-group condition than in the different-group condition. This is because items of the other group are more likely to be probed in the second recall phase and, thus, protecting those items during the first recall phase leads to a better performance. Nevertheless, the same pattern of results was robustly reproduced, suggesting grouping shields the grouped items from output interference because of the secured accessibility. We discussed how grouping influences output interference. ©2016KangandOh.Thisisanopen-accessarticledistributedunderthe terms ofthe Creative Commons Attribution License (CCBY). Theuse,distributionor reproductioninotherforumsispermitted,providedtheoriginalauthor(s)orlicensor are creditedandthattheoriginalpublicationinthisjournaliscited,inaccordance withacceptedacademicpractice.Nouse,distributionorreproductionispermitted whichdoesnotcomplywiththeseterms.
URI
http://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/2570
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00585
ISSN
1664-1078
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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