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Nanoporous Polymers Incorporating Sterically Confined N-Heterocyclic Carbenes for Simultaneous CO2 Capture and Conversion at Ambient Pressure

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Title
Nanoporous Polymers Incorporating Sterically Confined N-Heterocyclic Carbenes for Simultaneous CO2 Capture and Conversion at Ambient Pressure
Author(s)
Talapaneni, S.N.; Buyukcakir, O.; Je, S.H.; Sampath Srinivasan; Yongbeom Seo; Polychronopoulou, K.; Coskun, A.
Publication Date
2015-09
Journal
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, v.27, no.19, pp.6818 - 6826
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Abstract
Postcombustion CO2 capture and the conversion of captured CO2 into value added chemicals are integral part of today's energy industry mainly due to their economic and environmental benefits arising from the direct utilization of CO2 as a sustainable source. Sterically confined N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) have played a significant role in organocatalysis due to their air-stability, super basic nature, and strong ability to activate and convert CO2 gas. Here, we report a new class of nanoporous polymer incorporating sterically confined N-heterocyclic carbenes (NP-NHCs) that exhibit exceptional CO2 capture fixation efficiency of 97% at room temperature, which is the highest ever reported for carbene based materials measured in the solid state. The NP-NHC can also function as a highly active, selective, and recyclable heterogeneous nanoporous organocatalyst for the conversion of CO2 into cyclic carbonates at atmospheric pressure with excellent yields up to 98% along with 100% product selectivity through an atom economy reaction by using epoxides. Narrow pore size distribution of NP-NHC also allowed us to introduce a unique substrate selectivity based on size, just like enzymes, for the corresponding epoxides. This metal-free two in one approach for the CO2 gas fixation/release and conversion provides a new direction for the cost-effective, CO2 capture and conversion processes. © 2015 American Chemical Society
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/1885
ISSN
0897-4756
Appears in Collections:
Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions(나노물질 및 화학반응 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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Chem. Mater. 2015, 27, 6818−6826_Nanoporous polymers incorporating sterically confined N-heter.pdfDownload

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