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Enriched Regions of 228Ra Along the U.S. GEOTRACES Pacific Meridional Transect (GP15)

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Title
Enriched Regions of 228Ra Along the U.S. GEOTRACES Pacific Meridional Transect (GP15)
Author(s)
Moore, Willard S.; Charette, Matthew A.; Henderson, Paul B.; Hammond, Douglas E.; Kemnitz, Nathaniel; Le Roy, Emilie; Eun Young Kwon; Hult, Mikael
Publication Date
2024-03
Journal
Journal of Geophysical Research-oceans, v.129, no.3
Publisher
John Wiley and Sons Inc
Abstract
The half-life of 228Ra (5.7 years) aligns well with near-surface and near-bottom ocean mixing timescales. Because 228Ra is sourced from sediments, regions of enhanced activity represent water that has recently interacted with sediments on the continental margin or seabed. The GP15 meridional transect from Alaska to Tahiti along152°W encountered several regions in the upper ocean where 228Ra was enriched. These enrichments follow surface and subsurface ocean current patterns and pair with earlier measurements of 228Ra and transient radionuclides to reveal the origins of these enriched regions. An enriched region at Alaska margin stations 1–3 was sourced locally but did not extend to the Alaskan trench at station 4. A large shallow region between 47° and 32°N. was sourced from the west by the North Pacific Current; another shallow enriched region between 11° and 5° N was also sourced from the west by the North Equatorial Countercurrent. Subsurface enrichments (100–400 m) between 18 and 47°N were associated with Central Mode Water and North Pacific Intermediate Water. The 228Ra activities in the upper Pacific were six times lower than activities in the Atlantic. In deep waters the primary enrichment was 27°–47°N. Two stations (32° and 37°N) were especially enriched, having near-bottom inventories several times greater than other stations. With these two exceptions the remaining Pacific stations exhibited averaged inventories lower than those in the Atlantic. There was one region of enriched 223Ra (half-life = 11 days) above the Puna Ridge near Hawaii. © 2024. The Authors.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/15249
DOI
10.1029/2023JC020564
ISSN
2169-9275
Appears in Collections:
Center for Climate Physics(기후물리 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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