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Prime vertex-minors of a prime graph

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Title
Prime vertex-minors of a prime graph
Author(s)
Donggyu Kim; Sang-il Oum
Publication Date
2024-05
Journal
European Journal of Combinatorics, v.118
Publisher
Academic Press
Abstract
A graph is prime if it does not admit a partition (A,B) of its vertex set such that min{|A|,|B|}≥2 and the rank of the A×B submatrix of its adjacency matrix is at most 1. A vertex v of a graph is non-essential if at least two of the three kinds of vertex-minor reductions at v result in prime graphs. In 1994, Allys proved that every prime graph with at least four vertices has a non-essential vertex unless it is locally equivalent to a cycle graph. We prove that every prime graph with at least four vertices has at least two non-essential vertices unless it is locally equivalent to a cycle graph. As a corollary, we show that for a prime graph G with at least six vertices and a vertex x, there is a vertex v≠x such that G∖v or G∗v∖v is prime, unless x is adjacent to all other vertices and G is isomorphic to a particular graph on odd number of vertices. Furthermore, we show that a prime graph with at least four vertices has at least three non-essential vertices, unless it is locally equivalent to a graph consisting of at least two internally-disjoint paths between two fixed distinct vertices having no common neighbors. We also prove analogous results for pivot-minors. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/14626
DOI
10.1016/j.ejc.2023.103871
ISSN
0195-6698
Appears in Collections:
Pioneer Research Center for Mathematical and Computational Sciences(수리 및 계산과학 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
Pioneer Research Center for Mathematical and Computational Sciences(수리 및 계산과학 연구단) > Discrete Mathematics Group(이산 수학 그룹) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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