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Mutational landscape of intestinal crypt cells after long-term in vivo exposure to high fat diet

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Title
Mutational landscape of intestinal crypt cells after long-term in vivo exposure to high fat diet
Author(s)
Meyenberg, Mathilde; Hakobyan, Anna; Papac-Milicevic, Nikolina; Göderle, Laura; Langner, Franziska L.; Markovic, Mateo; Ji-Hyun Lee; Bon-kyoung Koo; Busslinger, Georg A.; da Silva, Israel Tojal; Binder, Christoph J.; Menche, Jörg; Loizou, Joanna I.
Publication Date
2023-08
Journal
Scientific Reports, v.13, no.1
Publisher
Nature Research
Abstract
Obesity is a modifiable risk factor in cancer development, especially for gastrointestinal cancer. While the etiology of colorectal cancer is well characterized by the adenoma-carcinoma sequence, it remains unclear how obesity influences colorectal cancer development. Dietary components of a high fat diet along with obesity have been shown to modulate the cancer risk by perturbing the homeostasis of intestinal stem cells, yet how adiposity impacts the development of genomic instability has not been studied. Mutational signatures are a powerful way to understand how a complex biological response impacts genomic stability. We utilized a mouse model of diet-induced obesity to study the mutational landscape of intestinal crypt cells after a 48-week exposure to an experimental high fat diet in vivo. By clonally enriching single crypt derived cells in organoid culture and obtaining whole genome sequences, we analyzed and compared the mutational landscape of intestinal epithelial cells from normal diet and high fat diet mice. Single nucleotide substitution signatures and indel signatures present in our cohort are found equally active in both diet groups and reflect biological processes of normal aging, cellular replication, and oxidative stress induced during organoid culturing. Thus, we demonstrate that in the absence of activating mutations or chemical exposure, high fat diet alone is not sufficient to increase genomic instability.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/14276
DOI
10.1038/s41598-023-41123-3
ISSN
2045-2322
Appears in Collections:
Center for Genome Engineering(유전체 교정 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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