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Rhodium-catalyzed double hydroboration of pyridine: the origin of the chemo- and regioselectivities

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Title
Rhodium-catalyzed double hydroboration of pyridine: the origin of the chemo- and regioselectivities
Author(s)
Hyoju Choi; Wang, Ruibin; Suyeon Kim; Dongwook Kim; Mu-Hyun Baik; Park, Sehoon
Publication Date
2023-05
Journal
Catalysis Science and Technology, v.13, no.9, pp.2735 - 2747
Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
Abstract
Rhodium-catalyzed hydroboration of unsaturated organic molecules is a well-established reaction and conventionally operates via a Rh(i/iii) cycle involving an inner-sphere hydride transfer. Suginome previously applied a Rh-PCy3 catalyst for the hydroboration of pyridines to selectively produce the corresponding 1,2-dihydropyridines. We now found that PPh3 in combination with [Rh(cod)Cl]2 as a precatalyst (P/Rh = 1 or 2, cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) brought about a mixture of N-Bpin-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyridines bearing an sp3 C-B bond in the C4-(G) or C3-(R) position in 60-90% combined yields, representing the first example of double hydroboration of pyridine. A series of catalytic and stoichiometric reactions under variable conditions revealed that: (1) G and R are generated from the 1,2-dihydropyridine intermediate, not the 1,4-dihydropyridine; (2) the ratio of G and R varies from ∼1 : 2 to 5 : 1 depending on phosphine ligands; and (3) the observable Rh species in solution include Rh(PPh3)Cl(H)(Bpin)(Py)n (n = 1 and/or 2; Py = pyridine) as the resting state, in addition to Rh(trans-PPh3)2Cl(H)(Bpin) and Rh(PPh3)(cod)Cl. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are conducted to propose plausible reaction mechanisms and reveal the origin of the chemo- and the regioselectivity in the consecutive Rh-catalyzed hydroborations to deliver the final products G and R in one-pot. © 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/13689
DOI
10.1039/d3cy00347g
ISSN
2044-4753
Appears in Collections:
Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalizations(분자활성 촉매반응 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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