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P-Doping a Porous Carbon Host Promotes the Lithium Storage Performance of Red Phosphorus

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Title
P-Doping a Porous Carbon Host Promotes the Lithium Storage Performance of Red Phosphorus
Author(s)
Han, Xinyi; Meng, Xiaodong; Chen, Shang; Zhou, Ji; Wang, Manyun; Sun, Longhua; Jia, Yuncan; Peng, Xiaomeng; Mai, Hairong; Zhu, Guangxu; Li, Jingyu; Christopher W. Bielawski; Geng, Jianxin
Publication Date
2023-02
Journal
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, v.15, no.9, pp.11713 - 11722
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Abstract
Red phosphorus (RP) is a promising anode material for use in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to its high theoretical specific capacity (2596 mA h g-1). However, the practical use of RP-based anodes has been challenged by the material’s low intrinsic electrical conductivity and poor structural stability during lithiation. Here, we describe a phosphorus-doped porous carbon (P-PC) and disclose how the dopant improves the Li storage performance of RP that was incorporated into the P-PC (designated as RP@P-PC). P-doping porous carbon was achieved using an in situ method wherein the heteroatom was added as the porous carbon was being formed. The phosphorus dopant effectively improves the interfacial properties of the carbon matrix as subsequent RP infusion results in high loadings, small particle sizes, and uniform distribution. In half-cells, an RP@P-PC composite was found to exhibit outstanding performance in terms of the ability to store and utilize Li. The device delivered a high specific capacitance and rate capability (1848 and 1111 mA h g-1 at 0.1 and 10.0 A g-1, respectively) as well as excellent cycling stability (1022 mA h g-1 after 800 cycles at 2.0 A g-1). Exceptional performance metrics were also measured when the RP@P-PC was used as an anode material in full cells that contained lithium iron phosphate as the cathode material. The methodology described can be extended to the preparation of other P-doped carbon materials that are employed in contemporary energy storage applications.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/13643
DOI
10.1021/acsami.2c21043
ISSN
1944-8244
Appears in Collections:
Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials(다차원 탄소재료 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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