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Reprogramming the tumor microenvironment with biotechnology

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Title
Reprogramming the tumor microenvironment with biotechnology
Author(s)
Kim, Minjeong; Lee, Na Kyeong; Wang, Chi-Pin James; Lim, Jaesung; Byun, Min Ji; Kim, Tae-Hyung; Park, Wooram; Park, Dae-Hwan; Kim, Se-Na; Chun Gwon Park
Publication Date
2023-01
Journal
BIOMATERIALS RESEARCH, v.27, no.1
Publisher
SPRINGERNATURE
Abstract
The tumor microenvironment (TME) is a unique environment that is developed by the tumor and controlled by tumor-induced interactions with host cells during tumor progression. The TME includes immune cells, which can be classified into two types: tumor- antagonizing and tumor-promoting immune cells. Increasing the tumor treatment responses is associated with the tumor immune microenvironment. Targeting the TME has become a popular topic in research, which includes polarizing macrophage phenotype 2 into macrophage phenotype 1 using Toll-like receptor agonists with cytokines, anti-CD47, and anti-SIPR alpha. Moreover, inhibiting regulatory T cells through blockades and depletion restricts immunosuppressive cells in the TME. Reprogramming T cell infiltration and T cell exhaustion improves tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, such as CD8(+) or CD4(+) T cells. Targeting metabolic pathways, including glucose, lipid, and amino acid metabolisms, can suppress tumor growth by restricting the absorption of nutrients and adenosine triphosphate energy into tumor cells. In conclusion, these TME reprogramming strategies exhibit more effective responses using combination treatments, biomaterials, and nanoparticles. This review highlights how biomaterials and immunotherapy can reprogram TME and improve the immune activity.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/13032
DOI
10.1186/s40824-023-00343-4
ISSN
1226-4601
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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