Strongly interacting electrons in hexagonal and kagome lattices exhibit rich phase diagrams of exotic quantum states, including superconductivity and correlated topological orders. However, material realizations of these electronic states have been scarce in nature or by design. Here, we theoretically propose an approach to realize artificial lattices by metal adsorption on a 2D Mott insulator 1T-TaS2. Alkali, alkaline-earth, and group 13 metal atoms are deposited in (root 3 x root 3) R30 degrees and 2 x 2 TaS2 superstructures of honeycomb-and kagome-lattice symmetries exhibiting Dirac and kagome bands, respectively. The strong electron correlation of 1T-TaS2 drives the honeycomb and kagome systems into correlated topological phases described by Kane-Mele-Hubbard and kagome-Hubbard models. We further show that the 2/3 or 3/4 band filling of Mott Dirac and fiat bands can be achieved with a proper concentration of Mg adsorbates. Our proposal may be readily implemented in experiments, offering an attractive condensed-matter platform to exploit the interplay of correlated topological order and superconductivity.