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A multistudy analysis reveals that evoked pain intensity representation is distributed across brain systems

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Title
A multistudy analysis reveals that evoked pain intensity representation is distributed across brain systems
Author(s)
Petre, B.; Kragel, P.; Atlas, L.Y.; Geuter, S.; Jepma, M.; Koban, L.; Krishnan, A.; Lopez-Sola, M.; Losin, E.A.R.; Roy, M.; Choong-Wan Woo; Wager, T.D.
Publication Date
2022-05
Journal
PLoS Biology, v.20, no.5
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Abstract
Information is coded in the brain at multiple anatomical scales: locally, distributed across regions and networks, and globally. For pain, the scale of representation has not been formally tested, and quantitative comparisons of pain representations across regions and networks are lacking. In this multistudy analysis of 376 participants across 11 studies, we compared multivariate predictive models to investigate the spatial scale and location of evoked heat pain intensity representation. We compared models based on (a) a single most pain-predictive region or resting-state network; (b) pain-associated cortical-subcortical systems developed from prior literature (multisystem models); and (c) a model spanning the full brain. We estimated model accuracy using leave-one-study-out cross-validation (CV; 7 studies) and subsequently validated in 4 independent holdout studies. All spatial scales conveyed information about pain intensity, but distributed, multisystem models predicted pain 20% more accurately than any individual region or network and were more generalizable to multimodal pain (thermal, visceral, and mechanical) and specific to pain. Full brain models showed no predictive advantage over multisystem models. These findings show that multiple cortical and subcortical systems are needed to decode pain intensity, especially heat pain, and that representation of pain experience may not be circumscribed by any elementary region or canonical network. Finally, the learner generalization methods we employ provide a blueprint for evaluating the spatial scale of information in other domains. © 2022 Petre et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/12040
DOI
10.1371/journal.pbio.3001620
ISSN
1544-9173
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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