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Short Review on Advances in Hydrogel-Based Drug Delivery Strategies for Cancer Immunotherapy

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Title
Short Review on Advances in Hydrogel-Based Drug Delivery Strategies for Cancer Immunotherapy
Author(s)
Seo, Hee Seung; Wang, Chi-Pin James; Park, Wooram; Chun Gwon Park
Publication Date
2022-04
Journal
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, v.19, no.2, pp.263 - 290
Publisher
Korean Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Society
Abstract
© 2021, The Korean Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Society.Cancer immunotherapy has become the new paradigm of cancer treatment. The introduction and discovery of various therapeutic agents have also accelerated the application of immunotherapy in clinical trials. However, despite the significant potency and demonstrated advantages of cancer immunotherapy, its clinical application to patients faces several safety and efficacy issues, including autoimmune reactions, cytokine release syndrome, and vascular leak syndrome-related issues. In addressing these problems, biomaterials traditionally used for tissue engineering and drug delivery are attracting attention. Among them, hydrogels can be easily injected into tumors with drugs, and they can minimize side effects by retaining immune therapeutics at the tumor site for a long time. This article reviews the status of functional hydrogels for effective cancer immunotherapy. First, we describe the basic mechanisms of cancer immunotherapy and the advantages of using hydrogels to apply these mechanisms. Next, we summarize recent advances in the development of functional hydrogels designed to locally release various immunotherapeutic agents, including cytokines, cancer immune vaccines, immune checkpoint inhibitors, and chimeric antigen receptor-T cells. Finally, we briefly discuss the current problems and possible prospects of hydrogels for effective cancer immunotherapy.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/11568
DOI
10.1007/s13770-021-00369-6
ISSN
1738-2696
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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