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The Conflict Between People’s Urge to Punish AI and Legal Systems

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Title
The Conflict Between People’s Urge to Punish AI and Legal Systems
Author(s)
Gabriel Lima; Meeyoung Cha; Jeon, Chihyung; Park, Kyung Sin
Publication Date
2021-11
Journal
Frontiers in Robotics and AI, v.8
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A.
Abstract
Regulating artificial intelligence (AI) has become necessary in light of its deployment in high-risk scenarios. This paper explores the proposal to extend legal personhood to AI and robots, which had not yet been examined through the lens of the general public. We present two studies (N = 3,559) to obtain people’s views of electronic legal personhood vis-à-vis existing liability models. Our study reveals people’s desire to punish automated agents even though these entities are not recognized any mental state. Furthermore, people did not believe automated agents’ punishment would fulfill deterrence nor retribution and were unwilling to grant them legal punishment preconditions, namely physical independence and assets. Collectively, these findings suggest a conflict between the desire to punish automated agents and its perceived impracticability. We conclude by discussing how future design and legal decisions may influence how the public reacts to automated agents’ wrongdoings.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/11027
DOI
10.3389/frobt.2021.756242
ISSN
2296-9144
Appears in Collections:
Pioneer Research Center for Mathematical and Computational Sciences(수리 및 계산과학 연구단) > Data Science Group(데이터 사이언스 그룹) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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