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Seasonal prediction skill and predictability of the Northern Hemisphere storm track variability in Project Minerva

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Title
Seasonal prediction skill and predictability of the Northern Hemisphere storm track variability in Project Minerva
Author(s)
Xuelei Feng; Huang, Bohua; Straus, David M.
Publication Date
2019-06
Journal
CLIMATE DYNAMICS, v.52, no.11, pp.6427 - 6440
Publisher
SPRINGER
Abstract
The seasonal prediction skill and predictability of the Northern Hemisphere storm track anomalies in boreal winter (December-January-February, DJF) is examined using seasonal ensemble reforecasts for 1982-2009 from the ECMWF Integrated Forecast System at two different atmospheric resolutions in Project Minerva. It is found that the predictable signals of storm track variations are associated with the two leading EOF modes of ensemble-averaged DJF variances of the high-pass filtered daily meridional winds at 250-hPa level derived from each of the hindcast ensemble members. These two EOF modes are highly correlated both temporarily and spatially between two sets of reforecasts. The first mode (EOF1) mainly shows a latitudinal shift of the storm tracks over the central-eastern North Pacific and the North America continent. The second mode (EOF2) is primarily the pulsing signal exerting on the mean storm track background of the North Pacific. The model predictive skill is verified against observations. The first mode has higher prediction skills and larger skillful regions than the second one. In particular, the first predictable mode is generated by the ENSO-induced wave train, starting from tropical central Pacific and propagating to North America. The skillful region lies in the North Pacific to the west of California, corresponding to the southern lobe of EOF1. The second predictable mode is generated by the North Pacific Mode, which evokes a distinctive wave train, emanating from the tropical western Pacific and propagating northeastward. Its skillful region of the storm track prediction is confined to a small area of Canada western coastlines.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/10585
DOI
10.1007/s00382-018-4520-9
ISSN
0930-7575
Appears in Collections:
Center for Climate Physics(기후물리 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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