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Kadota, Kenji
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CMB and 21-cm bounds on early structure formation boosted by primordial black hole entropy fluctuations

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Title
CMB and 21-cm bounds on early structure formation boosted by primordial black hole entropy fluctuations
Author(s)
Hiroyuki Tashiro; Kenji Kadota
Publication Date
2021-09-15
Journal
Physical Review D, v.104, no.6
Publisher
American Physical Society
Abstract
© 2021 American Physical Society.The dark matter (DM) can consist of the primordial black holes (PBHs) in addition to the conventional weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). The Poisson fluctuations of the PBH number density produce the isocurvature perturbations which can dominate the matter power spectrum at small scales and enhance the early structure formation. We study how the WIMP annihilation from those early formed structures can affect the cosmic microwave background (in particular the E-mode polarization anisotropies and y-type spectral distortions) and global 21-cm signals. Our studies would be of particular interest for the light (sub-GeV) WIMP scenarios which have been less explored compared with the mixed DM scenarios consisting of PBHs and heavy (≳1 GeV) WIMPs. For instance, for the self-annihilating DM mass mχ=1 MeV and the thermally averaged annihilation cross section 〈σv〉∼10-30 cm3/s, the latest Planck cosmic microwave background data requires the PBH fraction with respect to the whole DM to be at most O(10-3) for the subsolar mass PBHs and an even tighter bound (by a factor ∼5) can be obtained from the global 21-cm measurements.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/10317
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevD.104.063522
ISSN
2470-0010
Appears in Collections:
Center for Fundamental Theory(순수물리이론 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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