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JUNG, Hoi-yun
분자활성 촉매반응 연구단
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Rational Computational Design of Fourth-Generation EGFR Inhibitors to Combat Drug-Resistant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

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Title
Rational Computational Design of Fourth-Generation EGFR Inhibitors to Combat Drug-Resistant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Author(s)
Park, Hwangseo; Hoi-Yun Jung; Kewon Kim; Myojeong Kim; Sungwoo Hong
Publication Date
2020-12
Journal
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, v.21, no.23, pp.1 - 23
Publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Abstract
Although the inhibitors of singly mutated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase are effective for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), their clinical efficacy has been limited due to the emergence of various double and triple EGFR mutants with drug resistance. It has thus become urgent to identify potent and selective inhibitors of triple mutant EGFRs resistant to first-, second-, and third-generation EGFR inhibitors. Herein, we report the discovery of potent and highly selective inhibitors of EGFR exon 19 p.E746_A750del/EGFR exon 20 p.T790M/EGFR exon 20 p.C797S (d746-750/T790M/C797S) mutant, which were derived via two-track virtual screening and de novo design. This two-track approach was performed so as to maximize and minimize the inhibitory activity against the triple mutant and the wild type, respectively. Extensive chemical modifications of the initial hit compounds led to the identification of several low-nanomolar inhibitors of the d746-750/T790M/C797S mutant. Among them, two compounds exhibited more than 10(4)-fold selectivity in the inhibition of EGFR(d746-750/T790M/C797S) over the wild type. The formations of a hydrogen bond with the mutated residue Ser797 and the van der Waals contact with the mutated residue Met790 were found to be a common feature in the interactions between EGFR(d746-750/T790M/C797S) and the fourth-generation inhibitors. Such an exceptionally high selectivity could also be attributed to the formation of the hydrophobic contact with a Gly loop residue or the hydrogen bond with Asp855 in the activation loop. The discovery of the potent and selective EGFR(d746-750/T790M/C797S) inhibitors were actually made possible by virtue of the modified protein-ligand binding free energy function involving a new hydration free energy term with enhanced accuracy. The fourth-generation EGFR inhibitors found in this work are anticipated to serve as a new starting point for the discovery of anti-NSCLC medicines to overcome the problematic drug resistance.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/9116
DOI
10.3390/ijms21239323
ISSN
1661-6596
Appears in Collections:
Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalizations(분자활성 촉매반응 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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