PROGRESS OF THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS, v.2020, no.3
OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC
The Technical Design for the COMET Phase-I experiment is presented in this paper. COMET is an experiment at J-PARC, Japan, which will search for neutrinoless conversion of muons into electrons in the field of an aluminum nucleus (μμ–ee conversion, μ−N→e−Nμ − N→e − N); a lepton flavor-violating process. The experimental sensitivity goal for this process in the Phase-I experiment is 3.1×10−153.1×10 −15 , or 90% upper limit of a branching ratio of 7×10−157×10 −15 , which is a factor of 100 improvement over the existing limit. The expected number of background events is 0.032. To achieve the target sensitivity and background level, the 3.2 kW 8 GeV proton beam from J-PARC will be used. Two types of detectors, CyDet and StrECAL, will be used for detecting the μμ–ee conversion events, and for measuring the beam-related background events in view of the Phase-II experiment, respectively. Results from simulation on signal and background estimations are also described.