Fuel-Composition Dependent Reactor Antineutrino Yield at RENO

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Title
Fuel-Composition Dependent Reactor Antineutrino Yield at RENO
Author(s)
Bak G.; Choi J.H.; Jang H.I.; Jang J.S.; Jeon S.H.; Joo K.K.; Ju K.; Jung D.E.; Kim J.G.; Kim J.H.; Kim J.Y.; Kim S.B.; Kim S.Y.; Kim W.; Kwon E.; Lee D.H.; Lee H.G.; Lee Y.C.; Lim I.T.; Moon D.H.; Pac M.Y.; Park Y.S.; Rott C.; Seo H.; Seo J.W.; Seo S.H.; Shin C.D.; Yang J.Y.; Jong Hee Yoo; Yu I.
Publication Date
2019-06
Journal
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, v.122, no.23, pp.232501 -
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Abstract
© 2019 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.We report a fuel-dependent reactor electron antineutrino (νe) yield using six 2.8 GWth reactors in the Hanbit nuclear power plant complex, Yonggwang, Korea. The analysis uses 850 666 νe candidate events with a background fraction of 2.0% acquired through inverse beta decay (IBD) interactions in the near detector for 1807.9 live days from August 2011 to February 2018. Based on multiple fuel cycles, we observe a fuel U235 dependent variation of measured IBD yields with a slope of (1.51±0.23)×10-43 cm2/fission and measure a total average IBD yield of (5.84±0.13)×10-43 cm2/fission. The hypothesis of no fuel-dependent IBD yield is ruled out at 6.6σ. The observed IBD yield variation over U235 isotope fraction does not show significant deviation from the Huber-Mueller (HM) prediction at 1.3 σ. The measured fuel-dependent variation determines IBD yields of (6.15±0.19)×10-43 and (4.18±0.26)×10-43 cm2/fission for two dominant fuel isotopes U235 and Pu239, respectively. The measured IBD yield per U235 fission shows the largest deficit relative to the HM prediction. Reevaluation of the U235 IBD yield per fission may mostly solve the reactor antineutrino anomaly (RAA) while Pu239 is not completely ruled out as a possible contributor to the anomaly. We also report a 2.9 σ correlation between the fractional change of the 5 MeV excess and the reactor fuel isotope fraction of U235
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/6108
ISSN
0031-9007
Appears in Collections:
Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research(액시온 및 극한상호작용 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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