Striatal transcriptome and interactome analysis of Shank3-overexpressing mice reveals the connectivity between Shank3 and mTORC1 signaling

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Title
Striatal transcriptome and interactome analysis of Shank3-overexpressing mice reveals the connectivity between Shank3 and mTORC1 signaling
Author(s)
Yeunkum Lee; Sun Gyun Kim; Bokyoung Lee; Yinhua Zhang; Yoonhee Kim; Shinhyun Kim; Eunjoon Kim; Hyojin Kang; Kihoon Han
Publication Date
2017-06
Journal
FRONTIERS IN MOLECULAR NEUROSCIENCE, v.10, no., pp.201 -
Publisher
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Abstract
Mania causes symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, elevated mood, reduced anxiety and decreased need for sleep, which suggests that the dysfunction of the striatum, a critical component of the brain motor and reward system, can be causally associated with mania. However, detailed molecular pathophysiology underlying the striatal dysfunction in mania remains largely unknown. In this study, we aimed to identify the molecular pathways showing alterations in the striatum of SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 3 (Shank3)-overexpressing transgenic (TG) mice that display manic-like behaviors. The results of transcriptome analysis suggested that mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling may be the primary molecular signature altered in the Shank3 TG striatum. Indeed, we found that striatal mTORC1 activity, as measured by mTOR S2448 phosphorylation, was significantly decreased in the Shank3 TG mice compared to wild-type (WT) mice. To elucidate the potential underlying mechanism, we re-analyzed previously reported protein interactomes, and detected a high connectivity between Shank3 and several upstream regulators of mTORC1, such as tuberous sclerosis 1 (TSC1), TSC2 and Ras homolog enriched in striatum (Rhes), via 94 common interactors that we denominated “Shank3-mTORC1 interactome”. We noticed that, among the 94 common interactors, 11 proteins were related to actin filaments, the level of which was increased in the dorsal striatum of Shank3 TG mice. Furthermore, we could co-immunoprecipitate Shank3, Rhes and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein family verprolin-homologous protein 1 (WAVE1) proteins from the striatal lysate of Shank3 TG mice. By comparing with the gene sets of psychiatric disorders, we also observed that the 94 proteins of Shank3-mTORC1 interactome were significantly associated with bipolar disorder (BD). Altogether, our results suggest a protein interaction-mediated connectivity between Shank3 and certain upstream regulators of mTORC1 that might contribute to the abnormal striatal mTORC1 activity and to the manic-like behaviors of Shank3 TG mice. © 2017 Lee, Kim, Lee, Zhang, Kim, Kim, Kim, Kang and Han
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/3863
ISSN
1662-5099
Appears in Collections:
Center for Synaptic Brain Dysfunctions(시냅스 뇌질환 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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