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Crossing fibers may underlie the dynamic pulling forces of muscles that attach to cartilage at the tip of the nose

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Title
Crossing fibers may underlie the dynamic pulling forces of muscles that attach to cartilage at the tip of the nose
Author(s)
Hur, Mi-Sun; Seunggyu Lee; Jung, Han-Sung; Schneider, Richard A.
Publication Date
2023-11
Journal
Scientific Reports, v.13, no.1
Publisher
Nature Research
Abstract
The present study used microdissection, histology, and microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) with the aims of determining the prevalence and patterns of the depressor septi nasi (DSN) and orbicularis oris (OOr) muscles attached to the footplate of the medial crus (fMC) of the major alar cartilage, focusing on their crossing fibers. The DSN and OOr attached to the fMC of the major alar cartilage were investigated in 76 samples from 38 embalmed Korean adult cadavers (20 males, 18 females; mean age 70 years). The DSN, OOr, or both were attached to the fMC. When the DSN ran unilaterally or was absent, some OOr fibers ascended to attach to the fMC instead of the DSN in 20.6% of the samples. Crossing fibers of the DSN or OOr attached to the fMC were found in 82.4% of the samples. Bilateral and unilateral crossing fibers were found in 32.4% and 50.0%, respectively, and no crossing fibers were found in 17.6%. The DSN and OOr that attached to the fMC could be categorized into six types according to presence of the DSN and the crossing patterns of the DSN and OOr. Anatomical findings of the DSN and OOr that attached to the fMC were confirmed in histology and micro-CT images. These findings offer insights on anatomical mechanisms that may underlie the dynamic pulling forces generated by muscles that attach to the fMCs and on evolutionary variation observed in human facial expressions. They can also provide useful information for guiding rhinoplasty of the nasal tip. © 2023, The Author(s).
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/14630
DOI
10.1038/s41598-023-45781-1
ISSN
2045-2322
Appears in Collections:
Pioneer Research Center for Mathematical and Computational Sciences(수리 및 계산과학 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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