Recent advancements in imaging technology and analysis methods have led to an analytic framework known as radiomics. This framework extracts comprehensive high-dimensional features from imaging data and performs data mining to build analytical models for improved decision-support. Its features include many categories spanning texture and shape; thus, it can provide abundant information for precision medicine. Many studies of prostate radiomics have shown promising results in the assessment of pathological features, prediction of treatment response, and stratification of risk groups. Herein, we aimed to provide a general overview of radiomics procedures, discuss technical issues, explain various clinical applications, and suggest future research directions, especially for prostate imaging.