JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, v.143, no.2, pp.1069 - 1077
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
We report a copper-catalyzed enatiotopic-group-selective allylation of gem-diborylalkanes with allyl bromides. The combination of copper(I) bromide and H-8-BINOL derived phosphoramidite ligand proved to be the most effective catalytic system to provide various enantioenriched homoallylic boronate esters, containing a boron-substituted stereogenic center that is solely derived from gem-diborylalkanes, in good yields with high enantiomeric ratios under mild conditions. Experimental and theoretical studies have been conducted to elucidate the reaction mechanism, revealing how the enatiotopic-group-selective trans-metalation of gem-diborylalkanes with chiral copper complex occurs to generate chiral alpha-borylalkyl-copper species for the first time. Additional synthetic applications to the synthesis of various chiral building blocks are also included.