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Topological Floquet engineering of a one-dimensional optical lattice via resonant shaking with two harmonic frequencies

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Title
Topological Floquet engineering of a one-dimensional optical lattice via resonant shaking with two harmonic frequencies
Author(s)
Jin Hyoun Kang; Yong-il Shin
Publication Date
2020-12
Journal
PHYSICAL REVIEW A, v.102, no.6, pp.1 - 10
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Abstract
We investigate the topological properties of a resonantly shaken one-dimensional optical lattice system, where the lattice position is periodically driven with two harmonic frequencies to generate one- and two-photon couplings between the two lowest orbitals. In a two-band approximation, we numerically show that degenerate edge states appear under a certain driving condition and that the corresponding topological phase is protected by the chiral symmetry of the periodically driven system. The system's micromotion is characterized with oscillating Zak phases and we find that the Zak phases are quantized only at the time when the chiral symmetry condition is explicitly satisfied. Finally, we describe the topological charge pumping effect which arises when the driving parameters are slowly modulated around a critical point, and investigate its adiabaticity with increasing modulation frequency.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/9100
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevA.102.063315
ISSN
2469-9926
Appears in Collections:
Center for Correlated Electron Systems(강상관계 물질 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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