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Measurements of electron transport in liquid and gas Xenon using a laser-driven photocathode

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Title
Measurements of electron transport in liquid and gas Xenon using a laser-driven photocathode
Author(s)
Njoya O.; Tsang T.; Tarka M.; Fairbank W.; Kumar K.S.; Rao T.; Wager T.; Kharusi S.A.; Anton G.; Arnquist I.J.; Badhrees I.; Barbeau P.S.; Beck D.; Belov V.; Bhatta T.; Brodsky J.P.; Brown E.; Brunner T.; Caden E.; Cao G.F.; Cao L.; Cen W.R.; Chambers C.; Chana B.; Charlebois S.A.; Chiu M.; Cleveland B.; Coon M.; Craycraft A.; Dalmasson J.; Daniels T.; Darroch L.; Daugherty S.J.; De St. Croix A.; Der Mesrobian-Kabakian A.; DeVoe R.; Di Vacri M.L.; Dilling J.; Ding Y.Y.; Dolinski M.J.; Dragone A.; Echevers J.; Elbeltagi M.; Fabris L.; Fairbank D.; Farine J.; Ferrara S.; Feyzbakhsh S.; Fontaine R.; Fucarino A.; Gallina G.; Gautam P.; Giacomini G.; Goeldi D.; Gornea R.; Gratta G.; Hansen E.V.; Heffner M.; Hoppe E.W.; Hossl J.; House A.; Hughes M.; Iverson A.; Jamil A.; Jewell M.J.; Jiang X.S.; Karelin A.; Kaufman L.J.; Kodroff D.; Koffas T.; Krucken R.; Kuchenkov A.; Lan Y.; Larson A.; Leach K.G.; Lenardo B.G.; Douglas, Leonard; Li G.; Li S.; Li Z.; Licciardi C.; Lin Y.H.; Lv P.; MacLellan R.; McElroy T.; Medina-Peregrina M.; Michel T.; Mong B.; Moore D.C.; Murray K.; Nakarmi P.; Natzke C.R.; Newby R.J.; Ning Z.; Nolet F.; Nusair O.; Odgers K.; Odian A.; Oriunno M.; Orrell J.L.; Ortega G.S.; Ostrovskiy I.; Overman C.T.; Parent S.; Piepke A.; Pocar A.; Pratte J.-F.; Radeka V.; Raguzin E.; Rescia S.; Retiere F.; Richman M.; Robinson A.; Rossignol T.; Rowson P.C.; Roy N.; Runge J.; Saldanha R.; Sangiorgio S.; Skarpaas K.; Soma A.K.; St-Hilaire G.; Stekhanov V.; Stiegler T.; Sun X.L.; Todd J.; Tolba T.; Totev T.I.; Tsang R.; Vachon F.; Veeraraghavan V.; Viel S.; Visser G.; Vivo-Vilches C.; Vuilleumier J.-L.; Wagenpfeil M.; Walent M.; Wang Q.; Ward M.; Watkins J.; Weber M.; Wei W.; Wen L.J.; Wichoski U.; Wu S.X.; Wu W.H.; Wu X.; Xia Q.; Yang H.; Yang L.; Yen Y.-R.; Zeldovich O.; Zhao J.; Zhou Y.; Ziegler T.
Subject
DIFFUSION, ; SEARCH, ; FIELDS, ; ARGON, ; DRIFT, ; KR, ; AR
Publication Date
2020-08
Journal
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, v.972, pp.164209
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Abstract
© 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V. Measurements of electron drift properties in liquid and gaseous xenon are reported. The electrons are generated by the photoelectric effect in a semi-transparent gold photocathode driven in transmission mode with a pulsed ultraviolet laser. The charges drift and diffuse in a small chamber at various electric fields and a fixed drift distance of 2.0 cm. At an electric field of 0.5 kV/cm, the measured drift velocities and corresponding temperature coefficients respectively are 1.97±0.04mm∕μs and (−0.69±0.05)%/K for liquid xenon, and 1.42±0.03mm∕μs and (+0.11±0.01)%/K for gaseous xenon at 1.5 bar. In addition, we measure longitudinal diffusion coefficients of 25.7±4.6 cm2/s and 149±23 cm2/s, for liquid and gas, respectively. The quantum efficiency of the gold photocathode is studied at the photon energy of 4.73 eV in liquid and gaseous xenon, and vacuum. These charge transport properties and the behavior of photocathodes in a xenon environment are important in designing and calibrating future large scale noble liquid detectors
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/7719
DOI
10.1016/j.nima.2020.163965
ISSN
0168-9002
Appears in Collections:
Center for Underground Physics(지하실험 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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