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The epithelial zinc transporter ZIP10 epigenetically regulates human epidermal homeostasis by modulating histone acetyltransferase activity

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Title
The epithelial zinc transporter ZIP10 epigenetically regulates human epidermal homeostasis by modulating histone acetyltransferase activity
Author(s)
B.-H. Bin; S.-H. Lee; J. Bhin; T. Irie; S. Kim; J. Seo; K. Mishima; T.R. Lee; Daehee Hwang; T. Fukada; E.-G. Cho
Publication Date
2019-04
Journal
BRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, v.180, no.4, pp.869 - 880
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The skin is the first organ that manifests changes in response to zinc deficiency. However, the molecular mechanism underlying how zinc is involved in skin homeostasis, especially its epigenetic regulation, is largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: In this study we demonstrate the importance of zinc levels and the zinc transporter ZIP10 in the epigenetic maintenance of human epidermal homeostasis. METHODS: Adult human skin, including skin appendages, were stained with anti-ZIP10 antibody. Histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity was assessed after treating human keratinocytes with ZIP10 small interfering (si)RNAs or the zinc chelator TPEN. ZIP10- or HAT-regulated genes were analysed based on limma bioinformatics analysis for keratinocytes treated with ZIP10 siRNAs or a HAT inhibitor, or using a public database for transcription factors. A reconstituted human skin model was used to validate the role of ZIP10 in epidermal differentiation and the functional association between ZIP10 and HAT. RESULTS: ZIP10 is predominantly expressed in the interfollicular epidermis, epidermal appendages and hair follicles. ZIP10 depletion resulted in epidermal malformations in a reconstituted human skin model via downregulation of the activity of the epigenetic enzyme HAT. This decreased HAT activity, resulting from either ZIP10 depletion or treatment with the zinc chelator TPEN, was readily restored by zinc supplementation. Through bioinformatics analysis for gene sets regulated by knockdown of SLC39A10 (encoding ZIP10) and HAT inhibition, we demonstrated that ZIP10 and HATs were closely linked with the regulation of genes related to epidermal homeostasis, particularly filaggrin and metallothionein. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that ZIP10-mediated zinc distribution is crucial for epidermal homeostasis via HATs. Therefore, zinc-dependent epigenetic regulation could provide alternatives to maintaining healthy skin or alleviating disorders with skin barrier defects. © 2018 British Association of Dermatologists
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5856
ISSN
0007-0963
Appears in Collections:
Center for Plant Aging Research (식물 노화·수명 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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