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Electropositive Membrane Prepared via a Simple Dipping Process: Exploiting Electrostatic Attraction Using Electrospun SiO2/PVDF Membranes with Electronegative SiO2 Shell

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Title
Electropositive Membrane Prepared via a Simple Dipping Process: Exploiting Electrostatic Attraction Using Electrospun SiO2/PVDF Membranes with Electronegative SiO2 Shell
Author(s)
Choi, Dalsu; Cheol Ho Lee; Lee, Han Bi; Lee, Min Wook; Jo, Seong Mu
Publication Date
2023-05
Journal
Polymers, v.15, no.10
Publisher
MDPI
Abstract
This research aimed to develop a simple and cost-effective method for fabricating electropositive membranes for highly efficient water filtration. Electropositive membranes are novel functional membranes with electropositive properties and can filter electronegative viruses and bacteria using electrostatic attraction. Because electropositive membranes do not rely on physical filtration, they exhibit high flux characteristics compared with conventional membranes. This study presents a simple dipping process for fabricating boehmite/SiO2/PVDF electropositive membranes by modifying an electrospun SiO2/PVDF host membrane using electropositive boehmite nanoparticles (NPs). The surface modification enhanced the filtration performance of the membrane, as revealed by electronegatively charged polystyrene (PS) NPs as a bacteria model. The boehmite/SiO2/PVDF electropositive membrane, with an average pore size of 0.30 μm, could successfully filter out 0.20 μm PS particles. The rejection rate was comparable to that of Millipore GSWP, a commercial filter with a pore size of 0.22 μm, which can filter out 0.20 μm particles via physical sieving. In addition, the water flux of the boehmite/SiO2/PVDF electropositive membrane was twice that of Millipore GSWP, demonstrating the potential of the electropositive membrane in water purification and disinfection. © 2023 by the authors.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/14243
DOI
10.3390/polym15102270
ISSN
2073-4360
Appears in Collections:
Center for Underground Physics(지하실험 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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