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Macroscopically degenerate localized zero-energy states of quasicrystalline bilayer systems in the strong coupling limit

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Title
Macroscopically degenerate localized zero-energy states of quasicrystalline bilayer systems in the strong coupling limit
Author(s)
Hyunsoo Ha; Bohm-Jung Yang
Publication Date
2021-10-15
Journal
Physical Review B, v.104, no.16
Publisher
American Physical Society
Abstract
©2021 American Physical SocietyWhen two identical two-dimensional (2D) periodic lattices are stacked in parallel after rotating one layer by a certain angle relative to the other layer, the resulting bilayer system can lose lattice periodicity completely and become a 2D quasicrystal. Twisted bilayer graphene with rotation is a representative example. We show that such quasicrystalline bilayer systems generally develop macroscopically degenerate localized zero-energy states (ZESs) in strong coupling limit where the interlayer couplings are overwhelmingly larger than the intralayer couplings. The emergent chiral symmetry in strong coupling limit and aperiodicity of bilayer quasicrystals guarantee the existence of the ZESs. The macroscopically degenerate ZESs are analogous to the flat bands of periodic systems, in that both are composed of localized eigenstates, which give divergent density of states. For monolayers, we consider the triangular, square, and honeycomb lattices, comprised of homogenous tiling of three possible planar regular polygons: the equilateral triangle, square, and regular hexagon. We construct a compact theoretical framework, which we call the quasiband model, that describes the low-energy properties of bilayer quasicrystals and counts the number of ZESs using a subset of Bloch states of monolayers. We also propose a simple geometric scheme in real space, which can show the spatial localization of ZESs and count their number. Our paper clearly demonstrates that bilayer quasicrystals in strong coupling limit are an ideal playground to study the intriguing interplay of flat band physics and the aperiodicity of quasicrystals.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/10546
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevB.104.165112
ISSN
2469-9950
Appears in Collections:
Center for Correlated Electron Systems(강상관계 물질 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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